The Fund seeks to achieve long-term capital appreciation, with added emphasis on the protection of capital during unfavorable market conditions. It pursues this objective by investing principally in equity securities of non-U.S. issuers and using hedging strategies to vary the exposure of the Fund to general market fluctuations.
John P. Hussman, Ph.D.
& William Hester, CFA
Hussman Strategic International Fund seeks to achieve long-term capital appreciation, with added emphasis on the protection of capital during unfavorable market conditions.
Under normal market conditions, the Fund invests principally in equity securities of companies that derive a majority of their revenues or profits from, or have a majority of their assets in, a country or countries other than the U.S. The Fund may invest in all types of equity securities, including common stock, preferred and convertible preferred stocks, warrants and rights.
When market conditions are unfavorable in the view of Hussman Strategic Advisors, Inc., the Fund’s investment manager, the Fund may use swaps, index options and index futures, or effect short sales of exchange traded funds (“ETFs”), to reduce the exposure of the Fund’s stock portfolio to the impact of general market fluctuations or to market fluctuations within a specific country or geographic region.
In general, the stock selection approach of the investment manager focuses on securities demonstrating favorable valuations and/or market action. The primary consideration used in assessing a stock’s valuation is the relationship between its current market price and the present value of expected future cash flows per share. Other valuation measures, such as the ratio of the stock price to earnings and stock price to revenue, are also analyzed in relation to expected future growth of cash flows in an attempt to measure underlying value and the potential for long-term returns. The analysis of market action includes measurements of price behavior and trading volume. The investment manager believes that strength in these measures is often a reflection of improving business prospects and the potential for earnings surprises above consensus estimates, which can result in increases in stock prices.
Variable exposure to general market fluctuations
Historically, different combinations of valuation, market action and other factors have been accompanied by significantly different stock market performance in terms of return/risk. The investment manager expects to hold an unhedged, fully-invested position in common stocks in environments where the expected return from market risk is believed to be high, and may reduce or “hedge” the exposure of the Fund’s stock portfolio to the impact of general market fluctuations in environments where the expected return from market risk is believed to be unfavorable.
Specific strategies for “leveraging” or increasing stock market exposure may include buying call options on individual stocks or market indices and writing put options on stocks which the Fund seeks to own. The maximum exposure of the Fund to stocks, either directly through purchases of stock or indirectly through option positions, is not expected to exceed 150% of its net assets. This means that the value of the underlying positions represented by options is not expected to exceed 50% of the value of the Fund’s net assets at the time of investment.
Specific strategies for reducing or “hedging” market exposure may include buying put options on individual stocks or stock indices, writing covered call options on stocks which the Fund owns or call options on stock indices, or establishing short futures positions or option combinations (such as simultaneously writing call options and purchasing put options) on one or more stock indices considered by the investment manager to be correlated with the Fund’s portfolio. In addition, the Fund may seek to hedge by effecting short sales of ETFs. The Fund may use these strategies to hedge up to 100% of the value of the stocks that it owns. However, the Fund may experience a loss even when the entire value of its stock portfolio is hedged if the returns of the stocks held by the Fund do not exceed the returns of the securities and financial instruments used to hedge.
Regular accounts: $1,000
IRA and Gift to Minors accounts: $500